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Inventions Inventions with revolutionary engineering design

Trigger HookTrigger Hook

Please refer to the patent office for all diagrams mentioned in these descriptive texts www.patent.gov.uk

A semi automatic system designed to disengage a (Bait Runner (rtm)) function of a fishing reel using one hand. It improves the reaction time of the individual and ensures that an attempt to hook a fish is carried out properly in order to eliminate the risk of injury to fish that must be returned to their natural habitat. The system comprises of an internal trigger combined with a pulley guided steel wire linking it to a lock. As the lock is released, a spring thrusts the push rod against the systemís lever, moving it to the off position. The invention is designed to change this process from a two handed manoeuvre to that requiring only single-handed grip. Persons handicapped by partial arm amputation, prosthetic limb, arthritis or other joint restricting conditions will now be able to participate on equal terms when fishing - at any level.

Technical field:

This invention relates to a semi automatic mechanical system designed to provide maximum achievable efficiency and accuracy for the process of hooking a fish, (while still retaining the human aspect). It rapidly shortens the reaction time taken between a signal being sent from the eye to the brain, and the actual time when the fishing rod is gripped by hand in an attempt to hook a fish, whether fishing for sport or recreation. In addition, it allows individuals who are handicapped by partial loss of an arm, forearm, hand, suffer from arthritis, or other diseases with incapacitating effects, to participate on completely equal terms with every other person in this pass-time, including taking part in competitive fishing. The invention can be used with equal measure of benefit by either sex.

Background:

Previous inventions, designs, and technical improvements allow people who enjoy fishing to take advantage of the fact that the fish can take the bait and line freely due to (Bait Runner (rtm)) system by Shimano (rtm) and a number of other previous inventions. Such as, the adjustable front brake, positioned on the spool facia, switching mechanism positioned at the rear of the fishing reel body, etc. All these features and various systems do not allow hooking a fish by a precise, simple move of one hand. Any of the systems available require a complex two-handed action to complete the procedure that leaves space for inaccuracy and in most cases harm the fish if the hooking action is not carried out in an exact and rapid manner.

The Shimano (rtm) Bait-runner system or similar systems are incorporated in some of todayís reels. Nevertheless, these systems still have to be switched on and off manually, or one has to use the other hand to block the fishing reel spool from turning before the hooking procedure can commence. All these systems prevent, to an extent, the fish feeling the drag of the line, to which the bait is attached. Nevertheless, in most cases, the fish tends to move rapidly away from the place where it sucked in the bait.

This rapid reaction takes place for two main basic reasons: firstly, if other fish are in the vicinity, its prime instinct rules it, to take the bait quickly away and keep it for itself. Secondly, if alone, it takes time to taste the bait, but then at some point a different basic instinct rules it to move rapidly away, to discover if anything is attached to it. If the movement causes the fish to sense that the bait could be attached to anything, it will spit the bait that it had just sucked into its mouth, for the purpose of tasting, - immediately.

This often takes place within a few tenths of a second. In most cases, it prevents a successful hooking procedure. Unless the bait is exceptionally interesting, most game fish will not return to it. The reaction time needed to hook the fish at this primary stage is extremely short. As a result of this, the fish are rarely hooked properly and these hooking attempts often lead to badly injured fish that subsequently suffer and die.

To appreciate it fully, one must comprehend the exact sequence of movements that a person attempting to hook a fish must carry out.

The person is often sitting when they notice the line being pulled out, or hear the distinctive sound of the spool rotation. From this position of resting, the person has to move, simultaneously, forwards, in an angle to pick up the fishing rod. This results in a shift of the centre of gravity (mid chest position in most people).

That consequently slows down the desired movement. Thus, the reaction time. The person stretches out both arms, one hand to grab the rod and the other to pull back the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever, or a switch, into its (off) position. The habitual position of the fishing rods is such that the required set of movements must have negative effect on the persons stability.

Only after this very complex sequence has been completed can the person swing up the fishing rod in an attempt to hook the fish. As all of this usually takes more time than the fish needs to test the bait, the advantage stays with the fish on most occasions. However, this very often results in its subsequent injury. The above two-handed sequence that to date has always been necessary to hook the fish is not logical.

The invention, being semi automatic, leaves the decision with the individual, as it should be. The invention incorporates a trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) of a basic shape into the top, centre, forward pointing part of the fishing reel mounting - (that which rests against the rod itself). This trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) is connected by a steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5), fed over guiding pulleys, (shown as no. 3 & no. 4 in the figures 1-5) to the internally fitted push rod, (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) which is spring loaded in the direction of the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever, (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5).

On activating the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5), the spring-loaded mechanism is released. The push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) then thrusts against the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever forcing it into the off position. This process automatically locks in the preset reel brake. This gives a chance of hooking the fish, at the moment the tip of the fishing rod is lifted.

The advantage of the internal trigger system is two fold: primarily, it allows for the most rapid reaction time as only one, natural, movement is involved. Secondly, because it is located internally, it does not disturb the balance of the fishing rod or clutter the delicate reel and gripping areas.

Anyone who actively fishes understands the desirability of keeping additional external parts to a minimum; to avoid snagging and other related complications.

This invention allows the complete hooking process to be accomplished, with one hand, in a split second so making the challenge equal. After the fish is properly hooked, sufficient time is then available to reel it in while fighting it on the preset and adjustable force of the reels braking system.

This invention assures that the fish is hooked securely, just behind either jawbone, thus reducing the risk of severe injury. This is particularly important in the case of coarse fishing when fish are to be returned to their natural environment; even more so, when a catch of an undersized specimen occurs that must be returned to its environment immediately.

The invention also allows people who have lost a hand, suffered partial amputation of an arm, or have a debilitation such as arthritis to participate equally to others with no handicap. Even at competition level when using a (Bait Runner (rtm)) system. This system equals their reaction time to that of their non-handicapped counter parts. Nevertheless, age and personal ability will always cause variations in the reaction times of individuals. The invention can also be used by those fitted with prosthesis to replace an amputated limb. In addition, it allows two rods to be used simultaneously for hooking.

It is a semi automatic system as the mechanism functions by applying minimal pressure to the spot where most fishermen hold their rods - they usually slide the reel stem between index and middle finger, then form the grip using the thumb. It removes the necessity of using the other hand to turn off the (Bait Runner (rtm)) system. As the rod is swung up in an attempt to hook the fish, the (Bait Runner (rtm)) system has been turned off practically at the same time. Thus, eliminating the loss of time that allows the fish to spit out the bait. Moreover, the whole process can now be achieved by a single basic movement of one hand.

Essential technical features:

The invention comprises of the following:

Trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5)

Trigger lynch pin joint (shown as no. 2 in the figures 1-5)

Trigger guiding pulley (shown as no. 3 in the figures 1-5)

2.guiding pulley (shown as no. 4 in the figures 1-5)

Steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5)

Lock mechanism levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5)

Push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5)

Coiled push spring (shown as no. 8 in the figures 1-5)

Socket ball bearing (shown as no. 9 in the figures 1-5)

Spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5)

Lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5)

Push rod orifice (shown as no. 12 in the figures 1-5)

Spring strip housing (shown as no. 13 in the figures 1-5)

Steel wire pivot joint (shown as no. 14 in the figures 1-5)

Lynch pins (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5)

Casing recesses (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5)

Other Features: (ascribed to Shimano (rtm) patents)

(Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5)

Solely for the purpose of presenting this invention in a best possible manner, a Shimano (rtm) fishing reel design has been used as an outline for the technical drawings.

The trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) is the main part of the invention that sets the process of the semi automatic hooking procedure on. The trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) is one of a basic shape and it is positioned into the top, centre, forward pointing part of the fishing reel mounting - (that which rests against the rod itself). The trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) is connected by a steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5), fed over guiding pulleys, (shown as no. 3 & no. 4 in the figures 1-5) to the internally fitted push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) which is spring loaded in the direction of the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever.

The trigger lynch pin joint (shown as no. 2 in the figures 1-5) connects the steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5) to the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5). The steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5) is pulled upwards by the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) under pressure. This results in the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) opening.

The trigger guiding pulley (shown as no. 3 in the figures 1-5) position is designed for two main purposes. It is mounted on the trigger itself. It rotates on its own lynch pin (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5). Thereby, it provides the steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5), with guidance. Further, it practically opens the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5), by providing lift to the wire. The resulting force pulls on the steel wire pivot joint (shown as no. 14 in the figures 1-5).

2.guiding pulley (shown as no. 4 in the figures 1-5), is positioned approximately in the mid section of the fishing reel stem in its own recess (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5). This feature provides further guidance to the wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5). It functions together with the trigger-mounted pulley (shown as no. 3 in the figures 1-5), providing the internal system with precision and better guidance.

The steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5) pulls the end steel wire pivot joint (shown as no. 14 in the figures 1-5), mounted on the end of the second lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5), upwards. This move further opens the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5), by the same force that has been transmitted onto the front lock lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5), thereby the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5), itself.

Two lock mechanism levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) transmit and multiply the force applied to the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5), for opening the lock. The front lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) swings up on its lynch pin (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5). It is activated by the rear lock lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5). That is directly being pulled up, through the applied force, as first. The front lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) opens the locking mechanism lifting the spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5). The two lock levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) operate one another by a set of teeth. These provide more efficiency to the system as well as greater ease and precision in the required movement.

The push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) is positioned within the lower part of the fishing reel casing, facing towards the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever. It is spring-loaded and on opening of the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5), it thrusts backwards-making contact with the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever, thereby moving it into the off position. After the fish had been reeled in, a simple move pushing backwards the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever will again load the thrusting mechanism for further use.

The coiled push spring (shown as no. 8 in the figures 1-5) is mounted on the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5). It presses on the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) in the backward direction. The push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) is then ready at all times to thrust back towards the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5), at the slightest application of pressure on the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5).

The socket ball bearing (shown as no. 9 in the figures 1-5) is located at the far and outer end of the sliding push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5). It provides free movement up and down on the front facia of the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5), whether pushed in, (on position), or performing the action of turning the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever off. Thus, the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5) is forced automatically backwards by use of the coiled push springís (shown as no. 8 in the figures 1-5), tension. This action takes place when the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) is activated during the basic griping of the rod by either hand.

The spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5) is designed to provide a constant downward pointing force that keeps the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5), shut. It also provides the needed force to close the lock (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5), once it has been opened by the two lock mechanism levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5).

The lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) is created by the tip of the front lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5), pressing against the end part of the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5). It is operated by the two lock mechanism levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5), for opening and by the spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5), for closing purposes.

The push rod orifice (shown as no. 12 in the figures 1-5), drilled into the reel casing from the back, acts as a form of bearing, so that the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5), is able to slide, forward and back, with such ease, as required.

The spring strip housing (shown as no. 13 in the figures 1-5) is positioned internally, at the lower front of the reel casing. It holds the spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5) in its preset position. The spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5) exerts constant pressure on the top surface of the front lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5). This force is then transmitted up over. This results in the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) maintaining a small, but constant, pressure outwards from the front stem face of the fishing reel casing.

The steel wire pivot joint (shown as no. 14 in the figures 1-5) is positioned on the end of the rear lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5). It is designed to hold the end of the steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5), and provide an adjustment point. The wire is fed through this joint and squashed by a screw. It turns on its own lynch pin, and thereby maintains the steel wire  (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5), in an exactly straight line pointing towards the 2.guiding pulley (shown as no. 4 in the figures 1-5).

The lynch pins (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5), all the rotating features are positioned on, have been chosen for their simplicity, small size, and considerable durability. They provide rotating joints that need least maintenance and lubrication.

The casing recesses (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5) have been designed to incorporate all the features of the invention into the reel stem and body. This is necessary to achieve that none of the parts would stick out, creating an opportunity for the fishing line to be tangled up, or small injuries occurring.

The enabling part of the invention is the new concept application of the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) itself. All other parts of the invention are habitually used in most fishing reel designs, even though mainly for different purposes.

The parts of the invention interact in the following manner:

When pressure is exerted on the trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5), it is forced into the recess (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5), positioned at the (front and top) section of the fishing reel casing. It is thereby swung back & up, on the front positioned trigger lynch pin joint (shown as no. 2 in the figures 1-5).

At the same time, the trigger mounted guiding pulley (shown as no. 3 in the figures 1-5), pulls the steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5), upwards. The wire is being pulled over the 2.guiding pulley (shown as no. 4 in the figures 1-5), positioned in the mid section of the fishing reel stem. That is inserted in its own recess  (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5).

The front lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5), swings up on its lynch pin (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5), (that fulfils a function of a rotation bearing), being activated by the second lock lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5), that has actually been pulled up, through the applied force, as first. The exerted force is concentrated at the far end of the rear lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5), pointing upwards through the steel wire pivot joint (shown as no. 14 in the figures 1-5), in the line with the steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5).

The front lock mechanism lever (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) then lifts the spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5), that is fixed in position by the spring strip housing (shown as no. 13 in the figures 1-5). The two lock levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) operate one another by the means of a set of teeth. These provide more efficiency to the system as well as greater ease and precision in the required movement.

Due to the fact, that the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) is now open, the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) thrusts backwards using the released force of the coiled push spring (shown as no. 8 in the figures 1-5).

The socket ball bearing (shown as no. 9 in the figures 1-5) makes contact with the front facia of the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5), and thrusts it back, switching the (Bait Runner (rtm)) function off.

The push rod orifice (shown as no. 12 in the figures 1-5) acts as a form of bearing, so that the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) is able to move, forward and back, with such ease, as required.

The lock leverís recess (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5), positioned internally in the lower part of the fishing reel casing, acts as a guiding and supporting feature. Thus, the lock mechanism levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) can move freely, (up & down), as required.

Alternatives & Substitutions:

The trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) is an essential part of the invention. It can be replaced by one or more optical or other form of, sensors that would provide a similar function. However, this is not considered an efficient solution. Any applicable sensor(s) cannot differentiate with sufficient precision, between the forces of pressure applied by the forefinger of different peopleís hands. This can, apart from other complications, lead to the (Bait Runner (rtm)) system being switched off inappropriately. That could result in the loss of a fishing rod, if the grip on it, is not secure. . It may also be replaced by a mechanical part sliding up and down on the front face of the fishing reel casing. Such a part would then have to be pulled up in the action of picking up the fishing rod. This action would then unlock the internally mounted lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) in the same manner.

Although, this would also enable the (Bait Runner (rtm)) system to be turned off, as the rod is picked up, using only one hand the required actions are still considered as dual and inefficient. This would result in a slower process than the internal trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) system design.

The trigger lynch pin joint (shown as no. 2 in the figures 1-5) is also an essential part of the invention. Although it can be substituted by a bearing of the sliding mechanism design described above, it would not be logical, as a form of a lynch pin, or similar, is still required for rotation purposes.

The trigger guiding pulley (shown as no. 3 in the figures 1-5) rotating on its own lynch pin is an essential part of the invention. It provides the lifting force needed for the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) opening. It could be left out of the design, completely but only if substituted by an electronic system, which would require application of an electronic switch on the (Bait Runner (rtm)) system. Other mechanical solutions are considered not equally effective. A number of differing mechanical systems can be used, but the exclusion of the trigger-guiding pulley (shown as no. 3 in the figures 1-5), would again slow the process down.

The 2.guiding pulley (shown as no. 4 in the figures 1-5) is not an essential part of the invention, as it only provides the system with additional level of efficiency and precision. As such, it may be excluded from the system, but itís application in the system configuration is preferred by the inventor.

The steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5) is not an essential part of the invention. It can be substituted completely by an electronic system with mechanical end features, or an application of any thin material capable of exerting the required force.

The lock mechanism levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) are an essential part of the invention. However, they can be substituted by other mechanical systems with similar properties.

The push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) is an essential part of the invention, in regard to the (Bait Runner (rtm)) system, that is used for example on Shimano (rtm) fishing reels. (In respect of all other fishing reels, it is not an essential part of the invention). Nevertheless, its shape can vary to suit manufacturing techniques. It would however, still have to be mounted internally, so it could exit to the (centre), rear of the fishing reel casing. Such substitution could for instance be formed by a set of interconnected levers and push mechanisms or a wire pulling attachment.

The coiled push spring (shown as no. 8 in the figures 1-5) is an essential part of the invention. It is necessary to maintain a potential thrust force for operating the system. Therefore, some kind of a spring related device capable of exerting a sufficient thrust force must be included.

The socket ball bearing (shown as no. 9 in the figures 1-5) is not an essential part of the invention. One could use with the same effect, any somewhat differently shaped miniature rotating or sliding device; mounted at the end of the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5). For example, in a pivot, or pin bearing. Alternatively, when interconnected rods would be used, this part would become obsolete.

The spring steel strip (shown as no. 10 in the figures 1-5) is not an essential part of the invention. It could be replaced by various other kinds of spring action devices, that would apply sufficient force to the tip of the front lock mechanism lever, (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5). Thus, pushing it into the locked position, (Bait Runner (rtm)) system on).

The lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) is an essential part of the invention. Currently, there is almost nothing else available that would be more effective or economical, to block and hold the internally mounted, spring loaded, push rod mechanism in its preset position. Although, it is accepted that the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) can be made from a variety of materials, it is essential to use a material that will not be affected by the elements, and would be sufficiently durable.

The push rod orifice (shown as no. 12 in the figures 1-5) & lock mechanism levers recesses (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5), positioned within the fishing reel casing, are essential to provide the ideal functions of the invention. Their manufacture is a simple alteration to the primary mould of the fishing reel casing. In the absence of these recesses (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5), there would be nothing to hold the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) or the lock mechanism levers (shown as no. 6 in the figures 1-5) in their preset position, thus allowing the required movements.

The spring strip housing (shown as no. 13 in the figures 1-5) is not an essential part of the invention. It can be substituted by any type of device, (or amendments to the reel casing), that keeps the spring strip in designed position. Such as screws, bolts, etc.

The steel wire pivot joint (shown as no. 14 in the figures 1-5) is also a non-essential part of the invention. As the steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5) can be replaced by a number of operating systems of differing design, the pivot joint could be left out completely.

The lynch pins (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5) in general are not an essential feature of the invention composition. Although, they are considered to be the best technical solution available. All of these bearing type joints can be substituted by a number of different types of bearings, enclosed, or open, depending simply on the choice of each manufacturer. It is felt that the most cost efficient solution will prevail in such choice, while keeping to a maximum quality level available. Lynch pins (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5), of high quality steel, are evidently the most appropriate choice.

A further alternative could be a system operating based on an electromagnetic action powered by a battery. Such a system would not require many, additional mechanical parts, but it has other disadvantages. One of the main drawbacks is that when the battery goes flat the system simply stops functioning, which is hardly desirable at the waterfront with no spare batteries in reserve.

Another version of the system can also be construed of several interconnected push or pull rods, that would be then, connected to the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever itself. This system would neither provide any advantage over the original design.

Any of the above stated alternations and replacements are only variations of the primary parts composition of the invention. As described herein. The invention can be manufactured to be either purely mechanical, electro mechanical, sensor controlled, or the semi automatic primary design preferred by the inventor.

A major advantage of the semi automatic system is the ease of maintenance when compared to electronic and sensor controlled systems variations. This becomes even more apparent when considering the environmental conditions preferred by most fishermen. The advantages over the other mechanical systems have already been discussed at length.

Technical requirements & limitations:

It is essential that the lynch pins (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5), and bearing type joints, used in manufacture process, are water resistant and the choice of materials limited to those that are not of a corrosive nature. As the system is designed for use in climatic extremes, the restrictions on the bearing materials become even greater. This requirement also applies wherever it may be necessary to replace the anticorrosive steel parts by specialised alloys or polymers to cope with the chosen environment.

The push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5), lynch pins (shown as no. 15 in the figures 1-5), and all other bearing types and forms of the invention have to be chromed or highly polished. The socket ball bearing (shown as no. 9 in the figures 1-5), at the end of the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5), has to be of minimum Rockwell hardness 50. The same hardness has to be applied at the front, centre facia of the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever.

If any of the above limitations are not taken into account in the manufacturing process, such changes to the design could lead to mishaps in the exact and proper functioning of the invention.

Aside from the above mentioned restrictions, there are no critical limitations on size, weight or pressure other than a minimum diameter for the steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5) of 1,5 mm.

Claims:

1-      A semi automatic system, composed of mechanical parts, designed to hook a fish by turning off the (Bait Runner (rtm)) function of a fishing reel when the internal trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) is activated by the fishing rod being gripped by hand.

2-      A system as described in claim 1 that is completely mechanical.

3-      A system providing the same effect as that described in claim 1, but which is electro mechanical.

4-      A system providing the same effect as that described in claim 1, but which is electro magnetic.

5-      A system providing the same effect as that described in claim 1, but which is sensor triggered.

6-      The use of a pressure driven trigger (shown as no. 1 in the figures 1-5) as an internal function to turn off a (Bait Runner (rtm)) system.

7-      The use of optical sensors, as a substitute, triggering device for activating the above systems.

8-      The use of infrared or similar type of sensor as a substitute-triggering device for activating the system.

9-      The use of a sound or movement sensor as a substitute, triggering device for activating the system.

10-  The use of a sliding mechanical part, on the front face of the fishing reel stem, or other parts of fishing reel casing, as a replacement for activating the triggering device.

11-  The use of an electro switch, electronic switch, micro switch, or button, as a replacement to activate the triggering device.

12-  The use of an electro switch, electronic switch, micro switch, or button electronic switch or button, to operate an electromagnetic system as claimed in claim 4, that would operate the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5).

13-  A spring loaded (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5), that would be operated and controlled by the electromagnetic system as claimed in claim 4.

14-  A spring loaded (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5), that would be operated and controlled by an electronic system as claimed in claim 11.

15-  A spring loaded (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5) that would be operated and controlled by a system combining any of the above.

16-  The use of the pulley guided steel wire (shown as no. 5 in the figures 1-5) to disengage the lock (shown as no. 11 in the figures 1-5) of the push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5).

17-  The use of a push rod (shown as no. 7 in the figures 1-5) to control the (Bait Runner (rtm)) lever (shown as no. 17 in the figures 1-5).

18-  A system of interconnected push and/or pull rods to achieve the same effect as that in claim 1, and claim 14.

19-  The alteration to the primary mould of the fishing reel casing in order to provide push rod orifice (shown as no. 12 in the figures 1-5), pulley, and trigger recesses (shown as no. 16 in the figures 1-5), in the fishing reel casing, as guiding supports.

20-  The use of alternative alloys to manufacture the mechanical parts of the system, to resist extreme environmental conditions, as claimed in claim 1-4.

21-  The use of polymers to manufacture the mechanical parts of the system as claimed in claim 1-4.

22-  The use of any type of battery to provide power for the system as claimed in claim 3 and 4.

23-  The use of any type of a power source to provide the activating power for the system as described in claim 3 and 4.

24-  The use of a switch, electro switch, mechanical switch, micro switch, or a button, as a replacement to activate the triggering device.

25-  The use of a switch, electro switch, mechanical switch, micro switch, or a button, to operate an electromagnetic system as claimed in claim 4.

26-  A system designed to turn off a (Bait Runner (rtm)) function of a fishing reel, substantially as described herein.

27-  A system designed to turn off a free reeling function of any fishing reel, even such not equipped with a system known as: (Bait Runner (rtm)), substantially as described herein.


Please refer to the patent office for all diagrams mentioned in these descriptive texts www.patent.gov.uk

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